All modern societies recognize that education and a career are not only the right of a woman, but a key factor that contributes to the economic and social development of a nation.
Engineering has been associated with development ever since the origin of human civilization and it has always been included as a pioneer agenda in the socio–economic development. Participation in engineering and technology by genders numerically as well as qualitatively is taken as a sign of not just gender equality but as the development of the society and the nation as well.
Engineering, technology & mathematics are generally dominated by “male domain,” and women in these spheres are under-represented everywhere. The scarcity of women in engineering and technology is a matter of concern in most of the countries, especially so in India.
The small number of female receiving degrees in the engineering translates to an even smaller percentage of women at the top and middle level of management in science and engineering fields. In India, most of the women engineers end up in teaching jobs.
All modern societies recognize that education and a career are not only the right of a woman but a key factor that contributes to the economic and social development of a nation. In spite of this recognition, the participation and contribution of women in many professions are insignificant, especially at the higher levels. This is most evident in the field of engineering & technology.
In our society the participation of women in engineering was negligible because of facing challenges and responsibilities like, managing dual career families, lack of guidance and mentorship, not being taken seriously, discrimination and/or harassment, marriage, and motherhood.
To make her career in engineering & technology, women are expected to contribute to the family income, but definitely not so much that the family can run on her income alone, which carries the threat of making the man redundant!! This often causes the women to sacrifice their career to balance with that of their spouse.
Women presence in this field was very limited and of recent origin. However, in recent times, female enrollment in engineering education has experienced an increase. Now days, it is very common to meet a woman engineering student. But percentage wise analysis does not substantiate the proportion of enhancement. Large women enrollment is ultimately result of exponential growth in overall facilities of technical education. But share of women student has not increased in that proportion.
There is need to enhance balanced growth in enrollment of women engineering students. Apart from educational reservation as well as hostel facilities, flexible working hours, equal opportunities, child care facilities like crèches and awareness programs will help them to balance their career with family. Society as a whole, women including, has to go through a paradigm shift in thinking, if women have to reach higher positions in the technical field.